This DRAFT report is available for land managers to use and will be updated with a recommended citation following menu testing with real-world on-the-ground coastal management projects. Note, this document was created by partners in collaboration with NIACS as part of the coastal adaptation effort.

Please contact Kristen Schmitt for more information.

Download the menu of Great Lakes Adaptation Strategies and Approaches

Download a 3-page version of the menu


Abstract: Natural resources practitioners working in Great Lakes coastal ecosystems face decisions about how to help coastal properties adapt to climate changes. Climate change can amplify existing stressors, interact with past coastal disturbance and management, and potentially increase the rate and magnitude of ongoing change (Shannon et al. 2019). Practitioners can strengthen their long-term plans through proactive and intentional consideration of climate changes, and by selecting adaptation options that address these changes while meeting management goals and objectives. In 2019-2021 the U.S. Fish and Wildlife and the Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science convened regional managers and scientists to develop a menu of climate adaptation strategies and approaches for Great Lakes coastal ecosystems. This menu can be used with the Adaptation Workbook to facilitate the planning and implementation of climate-informed tactics. The menu is currently undergoing testing with various organizations in project-level planning across the Great Lakes watershed.


Download the full documents and 2-page version of the adaptation menu: